Mole is an animal with gray or bluish-black fur. Physically, a mole has a slender snout, flattened feet, teeth like needles, claws and small ears. Depends on the species, a mole can grow up to 12 ” long. They have pointed noses that differentiate them from gophers, meadow voles, and shrews. Moles noses stretch well in front of their mouths. Furthermore, the small eyes and ears are covered by fur. Moles have feet with spade shape and usually wider rather than long.
Usually, you can easily find out the presence of mole by discharged mounded soil and heaved runways. In the eastern US, the most popular moles species is the eastern mole. But, Townsend’s mole is the most troublesome species on the coast of Oregon and Washington. Moles belong to mammals called insectivores, and they are not rodents. They have a very high metabolic rate which makes them eat a lot of foods.
During February and March, Moles mate and produce a single litter of three to five. They do not hibernate and store food or fat. But, they have very large appetites and may eat up to 100 percent of their body weight in one day. What do moles eat? They usually eat white grubs, earthworms, beetles, and assorted larvae. The good things are, moles do not eat roots and bulbs of flowers and vegetables. But, Voles and shrews will attack and damaged the roots and bulbs. In fact, moles may give benefit to plants by feeding on worms and grubs that can damage them. Nevertheless, the tunneling activities of moles may damage and deform your lawns and gardens.
Moles Hole And Habits
Mole creates two types of tunnels which are sub-surface tunnels and deep tunnels. Moles build vast underground tunnels to finds worms or insects and create nesting/living space. The deeper tunnels and the sub surface tunnels are usually used as the major lane of travel. They are also capable of extending the tunnels at the rate of 100 feet per day. Moles connect with the deep tunnels, which are located between 3-12 inches below the surface. On average, one acre of land will support about two or three moles at one time.
How To Get Rid of Moles In The Yard
1. Use tobacco or any other repellent and sprinkling it on the ground.
2• Pick some powdered red pepper and sprinkle it all over the mole’s tunnel entrances.
3• If you sprinkle coffee grounds on your soil, it will keep moles away and stop create tunnels.
4• Make the moles bothered and sent them away with noises. Use the power of wind to create vibrations on the ground. Combines kids’ pinwheels with homemade thumper and place it on the ground near a mole entrance.
5• If your lawn rich in grubs and insects, it will raise the chances for moles to create their home (tunnel). But, when their food (grubs and insects) is seasoned with castor oil, they will stay away. Make a spray with three parts castor oil to 1 part dish detergent and use four tablespoons of this concoction in a gallon of water, then soak the entrances and the tunnels.
6• Plunge an ear of corn in roofing tar and put it in one of mole tunnels. They hate the smell of tar, and you’ll block their escape.
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7• Having a cat that enjoys walking through your garden and lawn is a very effective deterrent to rodents.
8. Pouring castor oil into mole’s tunnel will give them an upset stomach and discourage it from staying.
9• The final solution for persistent mole problem is using trapping. First, you need to create a pit trap. Dig into a mole tunnel and put a large jar with the rim level with the bottom of the tunnel. Then, cover the tunnel with a board to keep the light out. When you catch them, release mole into the wild (or at least 5 miles from your home). You can also try using a mouse trap to catch moles. They are roughly as the same size as a large mouse and can be caught using a mouse trap.
How to Prevent Moles
There are 2 steps for you to try in order to prevent moles in your lawn and garden:
• Check out your soil regularly for the presence of pests; when you found a lot of moles, you might have an oversupply of grubs and bugs. Spraying your lawns with beneficial nematodes or milky spore disease will help to get rid of the grubs. This will also rid your lawn from Japanese beetle larvae.
• Protect your specific plant by creating a hole with 2 to 3 foot deep, line the sides and bottom of the hole with wire mesh and then fill the hole with soil and plant.
Here are five facts about moles to help you make a better trap.
1. Mole is a unique animal which can dig the soil at approximately 18 feet per hour to make deep tunnels and surface tunnels. The deep tunnels usually have the depth from two inches to five feet underground and can be anywhere in your lawn.
2. The number of mounds basically is not an indicator of the number of moles.
3. Moles are most active during these times: 2-7 A.M, 11-4 P.M, and 8-11 P.M. Moles are also more active in February and March when they are searching for females. But, females usually are more active in May and June when they need food to nurse their young.
Read Also : How to Get Rid of Moles in Your Yard Naturally
4. Seven species of moles are widespread throughout the United States except for a few states such as the Dakotas, Wyoming, and Montana. Different moles species occur in different parts of the country. The two most popular are the star-nosed mole (Condylura cristata) and the eastern mole (Scalopus Aquarius). Some country with milder winters could have more moles per yard than the regions with severe winters. This is happening cause moles have longer periods of foraging their food.
5. All moles species can swim. The star-nosed mole is semi aquatic and often gets their food underwater. Usually, the members of this species are found in low-lying areas near water. In fact, their tunnels may exit into streams or ponds.